Graph Theory

Graph Theory When all the elements in a circuit or network are replaced by lines with dots, such configuration is called graph of the network. The all elements such as capacitor, inductor or resistor must satisfy Kirchhoff’s laws. Based on these laws, we can form a number of equations in graph theory. Terminology Used in […]

Electrical Earthing

Electrical Earthing Earthing means connecting of the non current carrying parts of electrical device or equipment or the neutral point of the power system to the earth through a wire or conducting materials having very low resistance. An electrical earthing is very necessary for equipment and power system. It protects the electrical equipment and power […]


Capacitance Capacitance is ability of a capacitor to electric charge. A capacitor stores electric energy in the form of electric field. The capacitance of a capacitor is defined as. It is the ration of amount of charge required per unit potential difference. The Unit of capacitance is farad and it is denoted by capital letter […]


Inductance Inductance is the property of a coil by virtue which it opposes any change of magnitude and direction of current, when flowing through the coil. When an electric current passed through a coil, an electromagnetic field is formed around the coil. A change in magnitude of an electric current, it changes the electromagnetic field. […]

Norton’s Theorem

Norton’s Theorem Thevenin’s Theorem is used to simplify a network to a constant voltage source with a resistance in series but Norton Theorem can be used to resolve a complex network into a constant. Current source with a resistance in parallel. Norton’s Theorem is converse of Thevenin Theorem. The Norton Theorem can be stated as […]

Magnetic Circuit

Magnetic Circuit The closed path followed by the magnetic flux is known as Magnetic Circuit. A magnetic flux follows a complete closed circuit coming back to its starting point. A circuit consists of a material having a high permeability usually iron sot steel is used for making magnetic circuit. High permeability material offers small opposition […]

Voltage, Potential Difference and EMF

Voltage, Potential Difference and EMF According to the structure of an atom, we know that there are two types of charges namely positive charge and negative charge. A force of attraction exists between these two charges because of the opposite polarity of these charges (positive charge and negative charge). A certain amount of energy is […]